types of paint finish

Paint Types Used in Architecture

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These are the five different paint types used in Architecture and interior design, with their advantages / disadvantages. Finally broken down simply. Stick around to the summery at the end which explains it in simplistic terms – its not rocket science.  Its all about  reflectiveness, durability maintenance and wall imperfection visibility and of course feeling.

1.Matte or Flat

Matte paint finish

Matte paint finish

 

Advantages:

    • Hides surface imperfections and blemishes.
    • Provides a smooth and elegant appearance.
    • Can create a cozy and intimate atmosphere.

Disadvantages:

    • Less washable than other finishes, making it more challenging to clean.
    • May show stains and marks more easily.
    • Can be prone to scuffs and scratches.

 

2.Eggshell

Eggshell paint finish

Eggshell paint finish

 

Advantages:

    • Offers a subtle sheen that adds depth to the walls.
    • More durable and washable than matte finishes.
    • Suitable for moderate traffic areas.

Disadvantages:

    • May still show some marks or stains, although less noticeable than matte finishes.
    • Not as highly washable as satin or semi-gloss finishes.
    • Surface imperfections can be visible to some extent.

 

3. Satin

Satin paint finish

Satin paint finish

Advantages:

    • Provides a smooth, velvety appearance with a soft sheen.
    • Offers better washability and durability than matte or eggshell finishes.
    • Resistant to mildew and moisture.

Disadvantages:

    • Can highlight surface imperfections, such as scratches or bumps.
    • May require multiple coats for complete coverage.
    • Reflects light more than matte or eggshell finishes.

 

4. Semi-gloss

Semi Gloss Finish

Semi Gloss Finish

Advantages:

    • Highly durable and resistant to moisture, making it suitable for high-traffic areas.
    • Easy to clean and maintain.
    • Reflects light, adding brightness and a polished look.

Disadvantages:

    • May highlight surface imperfections.
    • Less forgiving when it comes to touch-ups or patching.
    • The high shine may not be suitable for certain aesthetic preferences.

 

5. Gloss

Gloss Paint finish

Gloss Paint finish

Advantages:

    • Provides a high-gloss, mirror-like finish.
    • Exceptionally durable and resistant to moisture, stains, and wear.
    • Easy to clean and maintain.

Disadvantages:

    • Can highlight surface imperfections and flaws.
    • Requires careful application to avoid brush or roller marks.
    • The high shine may not be desirable for all surfaces or design styles.

 

 

 

Summery

 

As you can see the paint types used in architecture basically start from the extreme Gloss end, where the paint is highly reflective, durable and easy to maintain and perfections highly visible. Then as you change paint to Matte these specifications reduce.

 

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All images used by Midjourney

📐Russell M. Henderson is a practicing RIBA Chartered Architect based in Tanzania, East Africa.

🎥Russell (Architect Russell) also makes videos on YouTube , TikTok  Instagram & Skillshare  sharing thoughtful, honest and pragmatic knowledge while working and living abroad.

Architect Russell Uncensored is podcast talking about an architect’s life unfiltered. The education of 7 years to controversial topics such as RIBA and ARB, to unusual architect experience abroad like in Bangkok and Tanzania. This is content never before released on any platform and you can only get it here first. The truth through the eyes of Architect Russell, unfiltered and uncensored.

Learn More:

Architect Work Experience in UK

Architect’s Life in Bangkok, Thailand Podcast

African Vernacular Architecture- Be Practical

Climatically Driven Architecture in Dar Es Salaam

Architecture of Brazilia: Architect’s Trip of a Lifetime

 

All images used by Midjourney


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